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プロクター弁護士は、売買契約、融資契約、担保契約および債権者間契約など、国内外のクロージング関連契約に関して、クライアントを代理して交渉し、かかる契約書を作成する。資本財の売却・融資、売買契約、企業再編成、合併・買収、および企業体の形成などについて豊富な経験を有している。弁護士として40年の経歴を持ち、イリノイ州「Super Lawyer」の受賞者でもあるプロクター弁護士は、各クライアントの特殊なニーズと文化的背景に基づき、また商取引慣行上クライアントが抱く見解を理解した上でアドバイスすることを常に心がけている。

続きを読む

弁護士業務を開始する前は、米国陸軍に所属し、韓国に駐在した経歴を持つ。さらに、日本に滞在し就労したこともあるため、その間に日本語を習得すると共に、日本文化への理解も深めた。そのため、担当するクライアントの大部分は、米国で事業を営む日系企業だが、日本文化に精通し、クライアントの独自のビジネス経営手段を支援するプロクター弁護士のリーガル・サービスを高く評価している。

当事務所のコーポレート/ファイナンス/M&A部門の副主席を務め、商事/競争/取引部門のメンバーでもあるプロクター弁護士は、国際ビジネス取引法および非公開・民間事業法の分野で「Leading Lawyer」に選出されている。さらに、著作活動として、売買契約、企業経営、契約の解釈と実施、仲裁手続および雇用法などに関するトピックの論文や記事を「The Practical Lawyer」、「Illinois Bar Journal」、「Lexology」、「Law360」および「The Licensing Journal」などの法律専門誌に寄稿している。

数十年間にわたり、ボランティア法律サービス(Hull House Legal Clinic)のメンバーとして、その後は、アジア・ヒューマン・サービス法律クリニックのメンバーとしてシカゴ地域に貢献している。また、ワールド・リリーフ(World Relief)が主催する帰化希望者のためのワークショップでボランティア活動を行い、米国市民権申請者の面接と審査をしているほか、地域のホームレス施設でもボランティア活動を行っている。

取扱分野

学歴

  • インディアナ大学ロー・スクール卒業, (1982年J.D.取得, 優秀賞)
  • インディアナ大学卒業, (1977年歴史学および日本語学専攻, B.A.取得, 優等賞)

弁護士資格

  • イリノイ州弁護士資格
  • 連邦地方裁判所イリノイ州北部地区活動資格

言語

  • 日本語
.
主な取扱案件

主な取扱案件

外国投資家がシカゴを拠点とするインターネット・サービス会社の少数株主持分を取得した際に代理し、そのライセンス契約の締結および共同開発においても支援した。

大手日系企業が、製造業に携わるジョイント・ベンチャーの過半数株主持分を形成・買収する際に代理した。

売主が1億ドル以上の売却金でそのファミリー企業を売却した際、戦略的買主を相手取って売主を代理した。

数千万ドルに及ぶ産業資本(設備)の売買交渉および取引において売主を代理した。

日本の事業会社が、子会社2社を6,000万ドルで売却した際に、知的財産、有価証券、雇用、ライセンス契約、財産評価などに関してアドバイスし代理した。

機器に関するベンダー・ファイナンス・プログラム契約の交渉において売主を代理した。

国際設備供給プログラム契約および基本購入契約に関する交渉に際して、サプライヤーと買主に助言した。

ソフトウェア・アプリケーション・プロバイダーのソフトウェア・サービス実施契約について交渉し、同契約を成立させた。

現在マテリアル・ハンドリング業界で発展を遂げているジョイント・ベンチャーの設立において、その交渉段階から携わり、設立完了に至るまで同社を支援した。

会員・役職

会員・役職

アメリカ法曹協会
イリノイ州弁護士会
執筆・講演等
著書・論文
優柔不断で訴訟手続きを引き延ばした訴訟当事者、仲裁のチャンスを逃がす
Executive Summary When a party is in litigation, but feels it has a right to arbitrate, it can be a difficult decision whether to allow…
倒産した小売業者に販売した商品の取り戻しを請求したサプライヤー、「最優先債権者」のステータスを付与された金融機関には勝てず
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Litigious Attitude Coupled With Major Blunders Leads to Big Loss
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裁判所により保険の補償範囲が「実体のないもの」であったと判断された保険会社が敗訴
DVO, Inc. (“DVO”) designs and builds anaerobic digesters that use microorganisms to break down biodegradable materials to create biogas…
連邦第7巡回区控訴裁判所が、UCCファイナンシング・ステートメント上の記述の十分性について判示
Secured creditors filing a UCC financing statement under Article 9 must include a description of the collateral. (UCC 9-502) UCC Article 9…
イリノイ州が、租税恩赦(タックス・アムネスティ)を実施 ― 利息および罰則が免除される可能性
Under the 2019 Illinois Tax Delinquency Amnesty Act, Illinois taxpayers have the opportunity to pay delinquent taxes with the possibility…
商事訴訟におけるサマリー・ジャッジメントの困難性-供給契約が明確でない場合、サマリージャッジメントが不可とされる可能性
A long term supply arrangement can become very complicated. The terms may become muddled or the parties’ relationship becomes strained…
Are Remedies Limitations Enforceable When a Limited Remedy "Fails of its Essential Purpose?"
Recently, the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals had to deal with a state law issue under the Uniform Commercial Code that has tormented courts…
No Liability from Void Contract with Union
In May, 2008, Matthew Friedman, a manager of 1550 MP Road LLC (“MP Road”), must have been very pleased. He had just negotiated and signed a…
Another Dilatory Claimant Loses Out
The 7th Circuit Court of Appeals has faced multiple claims in which the defendants raised a statute of limitations defense, with mixed…
Buyer's Failed Claim of Breach of Requirements Contract Takes a Strange Turn – Enforceable as a Supply Contract for Fixed Quantity
On December 7, 2015 we reported on a 7th Circuit opinion in which a buyer failed in its efforts to enforce a supply agreement as a…
Manufacturer Loses Big Time Twice – to its Customer and to its Insurance Company
Berry Plastics Corporation (now known as Berry Global, Inc.) is a manufacturer of primarily plastic packaging products. It encountered some…
Breach of Contract and Interference Claims Fail Due to Statute of Limitations
In a recent update, we discussed a topical 7th Circuit Court of Appeals case in which an unpaid law firm successfully fended off a defense…
Ten Years After Crash, Litigation Continues – Directors of Bankrupt Holding Company not Liable to Trustee
The Great Recession of 2008 may seem a distant memory. September 15, 2018 is the 10th anniversary of the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy, the…
Unsigned Contract Still a Written Contract
Can an unsigned contract still be a contract? The answer is yes, for statute of limitations purposes, says the 7th Circuit Court of…
Fraudster's "Blame the Victim" Defense Fails
Richard Carter was a rancher in Wyoming where he operated a family-owned cattle ranch. He had the misfortune of using a dishonest broker…
"Notwithstanding Anything to the Contrary" Language Disputed in Recent Case
Drafters frequently use language such as “Notwithstanding anything [in this section] or [in this agreement]” to emphasize and make clear…
Trademark Licensees in Limbo Again?
After a January 2018 decision by the First Circuit Court of Appeals, trademark licensees are faced with uncertainty again. (In re…
Does Vague and Subjective Wording Imply A Meaningless Contract?
Contracts should be precise and objective. Drafters should avoid subjective and vague language that could be subject to conflicting…
Another Release Unsuccessfully Attacked by Releasing Party
In our update of January 2, 2018, we reported on a 7th Circuit case in which the releasing party, ADM, unsuccessfully tried to overcome the…
Challenger to Arbitration Award in More Trouble
In our December 4, 2017 Commercial, Competition & Trade Update, we discussed a recent 7th Circuit case in which the losing party in an…
Termination and Settlement Agreement is Really Final, In Spite of Efforts to Overturn
Most parties which conclude a release and settlement, or similar, agreement would probably expect the agreement to be final. According to a…
Another Failed Effort to Overturn Arbitration Award
In several previous Risk Management Updates, we have reported on losing parties' challenges to an arbitration award. While challenging an…
Fraudster and Victim Both Fail to Shift Loss
Anyone faced with a claim or a loss will look for someone else to pay the claim or bear the loss. In an interesting decision from the 7th…
Dealer's $6.5 Million Judgement Against Supplier Reversed Under Indiana Franchise Law
Courts and lawyers must deal with ambiguous statutes all the time. But Judge Wood's frustration with the Indiana Deceptive Franchise…
Another Illinois Case Decides When an Asset Purchaser is Responsible for Liabilities as a Mere Continuation of the Seller
In our Risk Management Update of December 23, 2015, we discussed an Illinois case that had to decide when a successor entity purchasing the…
Effects of Assignor's Bankruptcy on Assignment of Payment Stream
In a May 2, 2017 decision, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals decided the fate of a stream of rental payments from the bankrupt owner of a…
Employer Outsmarts Itself and Loses Over $5 Million
Juanita Berry worked as Vice President of Major Accounts for Telamon Corporation, an Indiana telecommunications company. Using her…
Scam Targeting Attorneys Causes Big Loss To Bank
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Judges Clash in Overturning Arbitration Awards
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Despite (or Because of) Extensive Negotiations, No Contract and No Promissory Estoppel
A common scenario involves two parties involved in intense and prolonged negotiations that one party feels resulted in an enforceable…
Giving Up What You Are Entitled To
There were two recent cases from the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals, one on May 16 and one on May 17. The parties, judges, and areas of law…
End-User Makes End-Run to Sue Manufacturer/Supplier of Competing Product
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Another Corporate Veil Piercing Case – Sham Transactions Make Affiliates and Individuals Vulnerable
Suddenly courts in Illinois are issuing corporate veil piercing decisions. In our last update, we highlighted an Illinois Court of Appeals…
Extreme Example of "Piercing Corporate Veil"
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Trademark Infringement Suit That Should Not Have Been
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"Mere Continuation" Doctrine Applied to Transfer Liability to Successor Entity
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Requirements Contract or Not? Courts Disagree
A contract for the sale of goods should state a quantity to be enforceable. (Uniform Commercial Code Article 2-201). Article 2 of the UCC…
Contract Says Terminable on 30 Days' Notice – But Court Says, Not Really
A recent case from the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals discussed an interesting issue of contract interpretation of termination provisions…
Be Careful Who You Contract with and Who You Don't Contract with – Non-Party Not Bound
Northbound Group, Inc. generated and sold life insurance leads under the brand name "Leadbot." It was fairly successful in the late 1990s…
Update: Bad Faith Negotiation or Hard Bargaining? Turns Out to Be Hard Bargaining
In an August 3, 2011 Business Update, we reported on a 7th Circuit decision which a thwarted purchaser of a business sued to recover a…
Dissatisfied Buyer Loses $2.7 Million on "Economic Loss" Doctrine
Child Craft, LLC (also known as Harrison Manufacturing, LLC) manufactured furniture for young children and infants. One of its key…
Wisconsin Dairy Equipment Manufacturer Gets Milked By Court
BouMatic is a Wisconsin dairy equipment manufacturer. Tilstra Dairy Equipment was its dealer in southwestern Ontario. BouMatic was not…
Contract With One-Sided Termination Enforced – Not a Perpetual Contract
In an earlier Risk Management Update, we reported on an Illinois case in which the court declined to enforce what it considered to be a…
Business Owner Loses $30 Million Through Lack of Due Diligence
William Carlson was a successful businessman. Carlson was the owner of Willis Capital LLC, through which he founded Belvedere Trading LLC…
"Exclusive" is a Dangerous Word to Use in Agreement
Many sales and distribution agreements purport to grant "exclusive" rights to a distributor or sales representative. A recent 7th Circuit…
Confidentiality Agreement Not Enough to Protect Confidential Information
Confidentiality agreements have become routine as a part of conducting business. Parties frequently exchange confidentiality agreements, or…
Seventh Circuit Strikes Down Another Arbitration Provision
In an earlier Update, we reported on a 7th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals case that struck down an arbitration provision. (Deborah…
Court Strikes Down Bogus Arbitration Provision
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Parties Held To Contract; Investor In Distressed Loans Loses Chance At Windfall
Courts, especially the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals, are noted for holding parties to the terms of their contract, particularly…
Fictional "Clean Slate" Computer Program Used In Batman Movie Is Not Infringing Existing Trademark
A recent decision of the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals discussed the concept of "confusion" with respect to an unusual trademark…
Conan Doyle's Estate's "Quixotic" Efforts to Prevent Publication of Sherlock Holmes Book
A recent case from the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals illustrates the time and expense required to respond to even a non-meritorious claim of…
Case Again Illustrates Importance of Terms and Conditions Especially Choice of Law – Seller May Lose Chance to Claim Interest and Attorneys' Fees
VLM Food Trading International, Inc. (VLM) was a Canadian agricultural supplier. One of its customers was Illinois Trading Company…
Borrower Escapes, But Guarantor Does Not, on $17 Million Debt
In a recent Risk Management Update, we reported on an Illinois case in which Michael Finley, former NBA star, avoided liability on his…
Another Case Where Freedom of Contract Goes Too Far – A Perpetual Contract
In an earlier Risk Management Update, we reported on a case in which a court refused to enforce what it perceived as an unenforceable…
Illinois Court Either Confirms or Limits Scope of Illinois Sales Representative Statute
The Illinois Sales Representative Act (820 ILCS 120/0.01 et. seq.) ("Act") is intentionally very favorable to sales representatives. It…
Freedom of Contract Goes Too Far - $4.3 Million Escrow is Not Liquidated Damages, But Unenforceable Penalty
One of the principals courts repeatedly cite is that of freedom of contract. For example, in a recent Risk Management Update, we discussed…
Claimant Loses Big Jury Verdict Award of $1.1 Million by Waiving and Not Pursuing Damage Theory
Dr. Aristo Vojdani was the owner of Immunosciences Lab, Inc. In June 2007, Dr. Vojdani and Immunosciences (referred to for convenience as…
"Fiasco" Creates "Peculiar Case" – Unpaid Creditor Loses Chance for Summary Judgment
A common scenario in which a bank offered a line of credit based on a daily cash collateral report created a "peculiar case" which the…
Slow Creditor Loses Out on Chance to Collect $8 Million
There are cases when creditors, who are rarely favored with the passage of time, wait far too long to collect their debt. An example of a…
Protecting "Cracker Barrel" Trademark: Kraft Foods Has Good Week, Starbucks and Cracker Barrel Do Not
As was widely reported, on November 12, Kraft Foods won a $2.23 billion arbitration award against Starbucks arising from Starbucks' early…
Warning to Corporate Plaintiffs: Beware of Suing in a State Where you are Not Qualified
Corporations are created under state law. A corporation created under the law of one state can transact business in another (foreign)…
When Does Competition Become Tortious Interference?
It is common for parties who feel injured when the other party breaches its contract to claim damages. Of course, the most likely target is…
Former NBA Star Has to Take His Game to Another Level – Appeals Court Refuses to Enforce NBA Star's Personal Guaranty
Tim Grover is a celebrity athletic trainer whose clients have included Michael Jordan, Dwayne Wade, Scottie Pippen and other current and…
Limitation of Liability Contract Provision Enforced – Hotel Owner Loses $4.1 Million
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Effort to Reverse Arbitration Award Fails
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The Arbitration from Hell
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Lessons for Secured Creditors in Recent Decision
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Forum Selection Clause Enforces "Home Court" Advantage
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Without a License, Distributor Not Franchisee, Says New Jersey Federal Court
One of the banes of a commercial lawyer is the distinction between an ordinary distributorship and a "franchise" under state law. Most…
Risks and Rewards of Sales Requirements in Distributor and Sales Representative Agreements
Suppliers, when appointing a distributor or a sales representative, will often want to include minimum sales requirements. These…
Written Sales Representative Agreement Succeeds in Limiting Commissions of Terminated Representative
It is common for manufacturers and sellers of products to use independent sales representatives to generate sales. These arrangements can…
Statute of Frauds Defense Fails Based on Course of Dealing
The statute of frauds requires certain contracts to be evidenced by a writing to be enforceable. It is based on an English statute from the…
Business Update: Action to "Pierce Corporate Veil" Fails – Another Creditor Spurned
The 7th Circuit has again left a disappointed creditor with no recourse because of the creditor's failure to do basic investigation or take…
7th Circuit Creates Conflict Among Federal Courts Regarding Ability of Bankrupt Trademark Licensor to Reject License Agreement; U.S. Supreme Court May Need to Decide
In a recent important decision, the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals held that a trademark licensor could not use its bankruptcy to deny the…
Bankruptcy of Licensor Threatens Twenty Year Old Trademark License in M&A Transaction
Merger and acquisition transactions frequently have included ongoing obligations of the parties to each other. In a recent decision by the…
受賞歴

受賞歴

  • イリノイ州「Super Lawyers」 2005年度~2006年度
  •  「Leading Lawyers」 2015年度~2020年度
  •  ワールド・リリーフ・シカゴ「Jerry T. Comer Good Neighbor賞」 2017年度
  •  レクソロジー・リーガル・ライティング賞(2010 Lexology Legal Writing Award) 2010年度
  •  アジア系アメリカ法曹協会「社会奉仕優秀賞(Outstanding Community Service Award)」 1995年度
  •  シカゴ・ボランティア・リーガル・サービス 「功労賞」 1991年度、2006年度